Digitizing Sponsor : MSN. View Book Page : Book Viewer. About This Book : Catalog Entry. Click here to view book online to see this illustration in context in a browseable online version of this book. A hand-some brick building has been erected as a home for the bank and is thoroughly equipped insuch a manner as to facilitate the conduct of the business and the careful safeguarding ofthe interests of depositors.
He is an enthusiastic agriculturist and very practical in liismethods of farming, owning fifteen hundred acres of valuable farm land in the immediatevicinity of Marion, from which he derives a most gratifying and substantial annual income. On Christmas Day of was celebrated the marriage of Mr. In politics Mr.
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Where his chest ought to have been they pinned the Congressional Medal.. Ernest Hemingway would write A Farewell to Arms. Years later a college student named Irwin Shaw would write a play, Bury the Dead.
And a Hollywood screenwriter named Dalton Trumbo would write a powerful and chilling antiwar novel about a torso and brain left alive on the battlefield of World War 1, Johnny Got His Gun. With all the wartime failings, the intimidation, the drive for national unity, when the war was over, the Establishment still feared socialism. There seemed to be a need again for the twin tactics of control in the face of revolutionary challenge: reform and repression.
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The first was suggested by George L. Record, one of Wilson's friends, who wrote to him in early that something would have to be done for economic democracy, "to meet this menace of socialism. That summer of , Wilson's adviser Joseph Tumulty reminded him that the conflict between the Republicans and Democrats was unimportant compared with that which threatened them both:. Mitchell Palmer. Six months after that bomb exploded, Palmer carried out the first of his mass raids on aliens-immigrants who were not citizens.
A law passed by Congress near the end of the war provided for the deportation of aliens who opposed organized government or advocated the destruction of property. Palmer's men, on December 21, , picked up aliens of Russian birth including Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman , put them on a transport, and deported them to what had become Soviet Russia.
The Constitution gave no right to Congress to deport aliens, but the Supreme Court had said, back in , in affirming the right of Congress to exclude Chinese, that as a matter of self-preservation, this was a natural right of the government. In January , four thousand persons were rounded up all over the country, held in seclusion for long periods of time, brought into secret hearings, and ordered deported. In Boston, Department of Justice agents, aided by local police, arrested six hundred people by raiding meeting halls or by invading their homes in the early morning.
A troubled federal judge described the process:. In the spring of , a typesetter and anarchist named Andrea Salsedo was arrested in New York by FBI agents and held for eight weeks in the FBI offices on the fourteenth floor of the Park Row Building, not allowed to contact family or friends or lawyers. Then his crushed body was found on the pavement below the building and the FBI said he had committed suicide by jumping from the fourteenth floor window.
Two friends of Salsedo, anarchists and workingmen in the Boston area, having just learned of his death, began carrying guns. They were arrested on a streetcar in Brockton, Massachusetts, and charged with a holdup and murder that had taken place two weeks before at a shoe factory. These were Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti. They went on trial, were found guilty, and spent seven years in jail while appeals went on, and while all over the country and the world, people became involved in their case. The trial record and the surrounding circumstances suggested that Sacco and Vanzetti were sentenced to death because they were anarchists and foreigners.
In August , as police broke up marches and picket lines with arrests and beatings, and troops surrounded the prison, they were electrocuted. Sacco's last message to his son Dante, in his painfully learned English, was a message to millions of others in the years to come:. There had been reforms.
The patriotic fervor of war had been invoked. The courts and jails had been used to reinforce the idea that certain ideas, certain kinds of resistance, could not be tolerated. And still, even from the cells of the condemned, the message was going out: the class war was still on in that supposedly classless society, the United States. Through the twenties and the thirties, it was still on.
What happened that summer is described tersely in William Langer's An Encyclopedia of World History : Despite the opposition of Lloyd George and the skepticism of some of his subordinates, Haig proceeded hopefully to the main offensive. The third battle of Ypres was a series of 8 heavy attacks, carried through in driving rain and fought over ground water-logged and muddy.
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No break- through was effected, and the total gain was about 5 miles of territory, which made the Ypres salient more inconvenient than ever and cost the British about , men. How the Civilian May Help in this Crisis. Be cheerful Write encouragingly to friends at the front Don't repeat foolish gossip. Don't listen to idle rumors. Don't think you know better than Haig. Holmes said: The most stringent protection of free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting fire in a theatre and causing a panic.
The question in every case is whether the words used are used in such circumstances and are of such a nature as to create a clear and present danger that they will bring about the substantive evils that Congress has a right to prevent.
Catalog Record: North Dakota history and people ; outlines of | HathiTrust Digital Library
They tell us that we live in a great free republic; that our institutions are democratic; that we are a tree and self-governing; people. That is too much, even for a joke.. We are going to destroy all enslaving evil degrading capitalist institutions and re-create them as free and humanizing institutions. The world is daily changing before our eyes.
The sun of capitalism is setting; the sun of Socialism is rising In due time the hour will strike and this great cause triumphant Thunderous and prolonged applause. But before the jury began its deliberations, he spoke to them: I have been accused of obstructing the war.
I admit it. Gentlemen, I abhor war. I would oppose war if I stood alone I have sympathy with the suffering, struggling people everywhere.
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It does not make any difference under what flag they were born, or where they live. Debs addressed the judge before sentencing: Your honor, years ago I recognized my kinship within all living beings, and I made up my mind that I was not one bit better than the meanest on earth. I said then, and I say now, that while there is a lower class, I am in it; while there is a criminal element, I am of it; while there is a soul in prison, I am not free.
- Lounsberry, Clement A. (Clement Augustus) [WorldCat Identities].
- North Dakota history and people; outlines of American history (1917).
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But let us call the American Protective League sometimes almost clairvoyant as to letters done by suspects. At the latter date he took an examination at Fargo, North Dakota, and was admitted to the bar on the 7th of December of that year, at which time he located for practice in Crosby, where he has since remained. He is an able lawyer having displayed marked ability in coping with intricate legal problems.
He is always very careful and thorough in the preparation of his cases and is devoted to the interests of his clients. On the 17th of June, , at Northfield, Minnesota, Mr. Bue was educated for the ministry in his native country and on coming to America first settled in Fillmore county, Minnesota. He afterward was in charge of the church at Ostrander, Minnesota, for more than thirty years, but at length retired from the ministry and is now living upon a farm near Northfield, and upon that farm his wife passed away October 5, Homnes attended the public schools of Ostrander, was graduated from the high school at Spring Valley, Minnesota, and from St.
Olaf College at Northfield, where she won the Bachelor of Arts degree in She was afterward a teacher of the German, Latin and Norwegian languages in that school for five years. In she returned home and there remained until her marriage. The young couple began their domestic life at Crosby, where Mr.
Homnes had erected a substantial and pleasant residence.
He has sold his old homestead but owns considerable farm land in Divide county, from which he derives a good rental. He is serving as a member of the park board of Crosby and he is interested in everything that pertains to the welfare and upbuilding of the town, taking an active and helpful part in promoting its civic improvement.